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Crash Course to Cannabis-

Dive Right In

Whether you know nothing about cannabis, are ready to try it for the first time, or just want to brush up, you may have some questions.

As the cannabis industry grows and matures, you may have already noticed more and more products that come in a variety of form factors: flowers, concentrates, edibles, vape pens, topicals and more. The list keeps growing and changing. Even a seasoned “cannaseur” may have questions.

This guide is meant to be a top-level overview of the types of products that Green Cuisine sells. If you have questions, or need more information, your friendly and knowledgeable Green Cuisine Cannabis Specialist will be more than happy to help you find answers.

 

Edibles

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Edibles are food and beverages infused with cannabis, and can also take the form of capsules. They provide a healthy and discreet way to consume cannabis, but have a longer and more intense effect than inhaled cannabis. Edibles should be used with caution: “start low and go slow,” and avoid over-consumption.

Nighty Night Brownies

Nighty Night Brownies

Each product is clearly labeled with its THC and CBD content in milligrams, both per package and per serving.Read labels and dose carefully. New consumers should start with 2-5mg of THC. Wait two hours to assess the full effect before taking more.Edibles can take from 30-120 minutes to take effect, and the effect can last 4-12 hours. An empty stomach decreases time to onset and increases intensity.

 

Flower

Flower is the trimmed and cured bud of a female cannabis plant. As with wine grapes, there are different varietals of cannabis flowers, which we call strains. Each strain has a unique flavor and combination of active ingredients, and provides a subtly different effect. Exploring different strains is one of the real joys of cannabis consumption.

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Most people look at the strain name, plant type (indica/sativa) and potency (THC/CBD content) when buying flower. Flower is sold by strain and weight. Under current California state law, individuals can legally buy one ounce of flower per day. When you visit the dispensary and have decided what you’d like to buy, say something like, “I’ll take an eighth of Lemon Cake OG.” That’s it! Easy, right?

Flower can be smoked through a pipe, bong, or joint. It can also be vaporized through a variety of accessories.You can purchase flower by weight—gram, eighth or ounce—and strain. (An eighth = 3.5 grams; an ounce = 28.5 grams.)Under current California state law, adult-use customers can legally buy up to one ounce of flower per day.

 
 

Topicals

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CBD AND THC TEND TO PRODUCE THE BEST TOPICAL PAIN RELIEF

Topicals are cannabis products that are applied directly to the skin, including balms, creams, salves, lubricants and transdermal patches. They soothe both the skin and muscles, and come in a variety of textures and aromas. They are usually rich in CBD, which is a powerful anti-inflammatory. The only topical that provides psychoactive effect is the transdermal patch, and then only if it contains THC.

Topical products are not intended to produce the psychoactive effect usually associated with more typical ways of consuming cannabis.THC and CBD amounts are usually indicated in a ratio on topical products.Some topicals are formulated to create a hot or cold sensation when applied to the skin.

 

Pre-rolls

 
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Pre-rolls are joints filled with cannabis flower. They are also sometimes enhanced with cannabis concentrates. Pre-rolls provide the most traditional way to enjoy cannabis, without the messy rolling.

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Pre-rolls typically come in one-gram or half-gram sizes, are sold individually and in multi-packs, and feature different strains and blends.Price varies by the size and number of pre-rolls, and the quality of the cannabis inside them.Check the package information for THC and CBD content, which varies among different brands and strains.

Concentrates & Extracts

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TERP SAUCE

Cannabis concentrates are several times stronger than cannabis flowers. They are made by separating the tiny crystals that sit on the surface of the plant—trichomes— from the underlying, inert vegetable material. Most concentrates are made with solvents like butane, but some are made simply with heat, pressure and water. Concentrates can be found in many different forms including shatter, wax, rosin and sauce. All concentrates at Green Cuisine have been rigorously tested to ensure they are free of any residual solvents.

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Due to their high potency, concentrates are often reserved for a more experienced cannabis consumer.By current California state law, adult-use customers are allowed to buy up to 8 grams of concentrates per day.Cannabis concentrates are usually consumed through a portable device or stationary “dab” rig that vaporizes the concentrate at very high temperatures. They can also be mixed with flower to supercharge a bowl or pre-roll.

 
 
 

Vape Pens

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Vape pens are a convenient and discreet way to consume cannabis. They gently heat cannabis extracts to the point of vaporization, without combusting. The effect onset is immediate and gradually trails off over two to three hours—a shorter duration than pre-rolls and flower and without the smoke, ash or strong odor. Some vape pens are pre-charged and disposable; others offer rechargeable batteries and interchangeable cartridges.

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Vape pens and cartridges are sold by strain, extract type, plant category and potency. Some brands claim specific effects but these claims are not evidence based.THC and CBD levels are listed on the package, usually in percentages or ratios.Vape pens are an easy way to control your cannabis intake, particularly if you’re interested in microdosing. In fact, some vape pens come with a built-in indicator to help ensure a reliable dose with each use.

 
 

Tinctures & Sublinguals

Tinctures are made by infusing cannabinoids into alcohol, coconut oil or vinegar. They are a low-cost, discreet and flexible way to ingest cannabis. Dropped under the tongue, their effect is similar to inhaled cannabis, with almost immediate onset. When swallowed with a beverage, the effect is similar to edibles: onset takes up to one hour, and effect can last six hours or longer.

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Sublinguals are dissolved on, or under, the tongue. Many of these products have a high ratio of CBD and have been reported to assist with anxiety and help control seizures in children. Many tinctures do contain THC, so it is important to read the label for THC/CBD amount and recommended consumption instructions. Ask a Green Cuisine Cannabis Consultant for more information.

Many tinctures are CBD-rich, but some contain THC. Read the label carefully and follow consumption instructions. Remember to go low and slow at first.Taken sublingually, tinctures are a great alternative to inhaled cannabis. They have almost the same effect profile, without the wear and tear on your lungs.Tinctures are discreet. Nobody needs to know what’s in the little bottle—unless you tell them.

 

 


What are strains?

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The different varietals of cannabis flowers are called strains. Each strain has a unique flavor and combination of active ingredients, and provides a subtly different effect.  There are thousands of different cannabis strains out there and most of them have names that were coined by the growers who brought us the specific genetics from that plant. Some popular examples include Blue Dream, Sour Diesel and OG Kush.

Some products are always strain-based, such as flower and concentrates, while others are based on Indica/Sativa, and still others (mostly edibles) generally do not indicate a strain or plant type.

 
 

What does Indica, Sativa & Hybrid mean?

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Cannabis has evolved differently around the planet, and different strains are classified according to their area of origin. Sativa strains come from closer to the equator, grow narrow leaves and are believed to have more energetic effects. Indica strains come from more northern latitudes, have wider leaves and are believed to have more relaxing effects. Hybrid strains are crosses of Indica and Sativa strains, and offer more balanced effects.

Indica strains can be a good choice to relieve the stress of a long day, encourage a relaxing evening and promote a restful night. Watch a movie, savor a munchie and have a giggle on the couch.

Sativa strains can be good daytime choices to enhance more active, creative and social pursuits. Prized by artists, athletes, dancers and party-goers.

While these generalizations can be a good rule-of-thumb, plant genetics have been bred, mixed and crossed so much over the last century that the effect of an Indica or Sativa can no longer be predicted with 100% precision.



 

What’s the difference between THC & CBD?

 
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The cannabis plant can contain up to 150 active ingredients, known as cannabinoids. THC and CBD are the most commonly known, and all Green Cuisine products are tested and labeled with their content. These test results indicate the strength and nature of the likely effect. THC-rich strains are the most euphoric. CBD-rich strains are more restorative, with less euphoria or none at all. Many consumers prefer the balanced effect of a 1:1 ratio—equal parts THC and CBD.

The human neurotransmitter system that manages plant-derived cannabinoids is known as the endocannabinoid system. This system is present in almost every part of our brain and body, and maintains homeostasis—our state of natural balance. It internally produces endocannabinoids which are similar to compounds found in the cannabis plant.

Each person’s endocannabinoid system varies slightly, which is one reason the same cannabis product can produce different effects in different people. We recommend you start with small doses of lower potency products, and gradually increase dosage as you see how your mind and body react.

 

 
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What are terpenes?

Terpenes are oils secreted by the cannabis plant, and give each cannabis strain a unique smell and taste.

 

What is the endocannabinoid system?

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The Science of the Endocannabinoid System: How THC Affects the Brain and the Body

First published 2011

After several decades of research, scientists studying the effects of marijuana made several important discoveries. Not only did they identify the active ingredient in marijuana, they also discovered where and how it works in the brain—via a new system they called the endocannabinoid (EC) system. The EC system—named after the marijuana plant Cannabis sativa and its active ingredient delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)—is a unique communications system in the brain and body that affects many important functions, including how a person feels, moves, and reacts.

The natural chemicals produced by the body that interact within the EC system are called cannabinoids, and like THC, they interact with receptors to regulate these important body functions. So what makes the EC system unique and how does THC’s impact on this system affect a person’s memory, risk for accidents, and even addiction?

How Cannabinoids Work Differently From Other Neurotransmitters

Brain cells (neurons) communicate with each other and with the rest of the body by sending chemical “messages.” These messages help coordinate and regulate everything we feel, think, and do. Typically, the chemicals (called neurotransmitters) are released from a neuron (a presynaptic cell), travel across a small gap (the synapse), and then attach to specific receptors located on a nearby neuron (postsynaptic cell). This spurs the receiving neuron into action, triggering a set of events that allows the message to be passed along.

But the EC system communicates its messages in a different way because it works “backward.” When the postsynaptic neuron is activated, cannabinoids (chemical messengers of the EC system) are made “on demand” from lipid precursors (fat cells) already present in the neuron. Then they are released from that cell and travel backward to the presynaptic neuron, where they attach to cannabinoid receptors.

So why is this important?  Since cannabinoids act on presynaptic cells, they can control what happens next when these cells are activated. In general, cannabinoids function like a “dimmer switch” for presynaptic neurons, limiting the amount of neurotransmitter (e.g., dopamine) that gets released, which in turn affects how messages are sent, received, and processed by the cell.


Where can I consume?

Although cannabis is now legal in California, it is not legal to consume in public places or to drive while under the influence. You should consume in a private location, such as your home, or a friend’s home.



 

What is dosing and microdosing?

A dose is equivalent to a serving size. California defines a dose of cannabis edibles as a maximum of 10mg of THC. Microdosing is the practice of consuming very small doses that are barely perceptible by the user. Be sure to ask a Green Cuisine Cannabis Consultant what dosage is right for you based on your tolerance and experience.


Accessories & More

ACCESSORIES, ETC

Green Cuisine offers many different accessories, including vaporizer batteries and rolling papers. If you have questions about how an accessory works, we have answers.



Safety, Storage
& Getting Started

TESTING, SAFETY & QUALITY

For over a decade, Green Cuisine has been a leader in developing quality and safety standards for cannabis products.

Any and all products for sale at Green Cuisine have undergone rigorous lab testing to ensure that they are free of dangerous or undesirable materials, like pesticides, molds and fungus. In additional, products are also tested for potency and terpene content. Potency is reflected in percentage of THC and CBD.

STORING YOUR PRODUCTS

It is very important that you store your cannabis product in a safe, secure location away from children and pets.